The Law of Tort

Main Topics of Study:

What is Tort?

  • Negligence
  • Duty
  • Breach of duty
  • Statutory duty
  • Human Rights Act 1998

Deliberate Harm to the Person

  • Assault and battery
  • Harassment
  • False imprisonment
  • Invasion of privacy

Negligent Harm to the Person

  • Duty
  • Breach of duty

Negligence

  • Property and economic loss
  • Deliberate infliction of economic loss

Land Use and the Environment

  • Trespass to land
  • Private nuisance
  • Public nuisance
  • Strict liability
  • Liability for animals

Protection of Reputation

  • Liability
  • Defamation
  • Absolute defences
  • Qualified defences
  • Other torts

Parties and Liability for Others

  • Vicarious liability
  • Joint and several liability
  • Contribution

Remedies

  • Injunctions
  • Types of damage
  • Compensatory damages
  • Personal injury damages

Defences and Other Factors Limiting Damages

  • Consent
  • Exclusion of liability
  • Contributory negligence
  • Illegality
  • Limitation
  • Necessity

Cases

Wrong & Damage Distinguished:
Mayor of Bradford v Pickles [1895]
Scott v Shepherd [1773]
The Wagon Mound [1961]
Hughes v Lord Advocate [1963]
Limpus v London Omnibus Company [1862]
Honeywell & Stein v Larkin Brothers [1934]
Rylands v Fletcher [1868]
ICI v Shinwell [1965]
Morris v Murray [1990]
Cutler v United Dairies [1933]
Stanley v Powell [1891]
O’Connell v Jackson [1971]

Defamation:
Yousoupoff v MGM Pictures Limited [1934]
Hulton v Jones [1910]
Osborn v Thos. Boulter [1930]

Nuisance:
Christie v Davey [1893]
Halsey v Esso Petroleum [1961]
Allen v Gulf Oil Refinery Limited [1981]

Conversion:
Oakley v Lister [1931]

Negligence:

Donoghue v Stevenson [1932]
Caparo Industries Public Limited Company v Dickman [1990]
Muirhead v Industrial Tank Specialists Limited [1986]
Allock & Others v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police [1991]
Paris v Stepney Borough Council [1951]
Chaudry v Prabhakar [1989]

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