Maritime Operations

Main Topics of Study

Introduction to Shipping and to the Ships

  • Functions of shipping
  • World seaborne trade and world fleet
  • Challenges facing the shipping industry in the twenty-first century
  • International navigation limits
  • International Convention on Load Lines 1966
  • Types and methods of tonnage measurement
  • International Convention on Tonnage Measurement of Ships
  • Types of ships, specialised vessels and their trades

Ship design and construction

  • Ship design and future trends
  • Ship productivity
  • General principles and factors influencing design, type and size of ship
  • Safety and other regulations
  • Vessel lengthening
  • Cruise vessel

Manning of Vessels

  • Duties and responsibilities of the master
  • Ship’s officers and crew manning
  • IMO Convention of Standards of Training
  • Engagement and discharge of the crew

Customs house and ship’s papers

  • E- commerce; customs
  • Value added tax
  • Intrastat
  • Export controls
  • Customs tariff
  • Customs Freight Simplified Procedures (CFSP)
  • New Export System (NES)
  • Unique Consignment Reference (UCR)
  • Customs reliefs
  • Importation and exportation of goods
  • Ship’s paper
  • Ship’s protest

Maritime canals and inland waterways

  • European inland waterways
  • The Suez Canal Authority
  • The Kiel Canal, The Panama Canal
  • The St Lawrence Sea way
  • The influence of canals on ship design
  • Canal areas as points of economic growth

Services generated by principal shipping organisations

  • ISO, Intertanko, Lloyd’s Register, OECD, WTO, BIMCO, UNISTAD, Intercargo, ICS

Passenger fares and freight rates

  • Theory of passenger fares
  • Theory of freight rates and effect of air competition on cargo traffic
  • Relation between liner and tramp rates
  • Relation between voyage and time charter rates
  • Types of freight

Liner conferences

  • Liner conference system
  • Deferred rebate and contract systems
  • Harmonisation conferences
  • The future of the liner conference system

Ship operation

  • Factors to consider in planning sailing schedules, fleet planning
  • Interface between fleet planning and ship survey programme
  • Relative importance of speed, frequency, reliability, cost and quality of sea transport
  • Indivisible loads
  • Ship and port security

Bills of lading

  • Carriage of Goods by Sea Acts 1971 and 1992
  • Types of bills of lading
  • Carriage of Goods by Rail, Carriage of Goods by Road

Cargoes

  • Cargo stowage/packaging overview
  • Stowage of cargo
  • Types of characteristics of cargo
  • Cargo and container handling equipment, dangerous cargo

The shipping company

  • Liner organization, tramp organization
  • Holding companies and subsidiaries
  • Operational alliances
  • Ship management companies
  • Ownership of vessels
  • Freight forwarders
  • Chartered shipbrokers
  • Future of shipbroking
  • Ship’s agent
  • Lloyd’s Register Quality Assurance

Charter parties

  • Demise and non-demise charter parties
  • Voyage and time charter parties
  • Approved forms of charter parties and related bills of lading
  • Voyage estimates
  • Sale and purchase of ships

Containerisation

  • Container ships; terminals
  • Container distribution
  • Container types
  • Non-containerizable cargo
  • Features of containerization

Seaports

  • Role of seaports in the twenty-first century and factors driving change
  • Container port automation
  • Floating terminals
  • Factors influencing the shipowner’s choice of seaport
  • Relationship between ships and ports

Multi-modalism: global supply chain management
and international logistics

  • Factors in favour of multi-modalism
  • Rationale for the development of multi-modalism
  • Features of multi-modalism
  • Multi-modalism strategy
  • Global supply chain management and international logistics

The international consignment

  • Evaluation of transport model(s) for international consignment/s
  • Delivery trade terms of sale and the export order
  • Progress of export order and checklist

Political aspects

  • Flag discrimination
  • Flags of convenience
  • Subsidies
  • Contribution of shipping to invisible exports

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