International Trade & Transport

Main Topics of Study:

Physical Distribution in Perspective

  • Define marketing
  • Domestic versus export markets
  • Marketing research
  • Market selection
  • Bad reasons for exporting
  • Good reasons for exporting
  • Market selection criteria
  • Methods of market research
  • Sources of secondary information
  • The marketing plan
  • Indirect exports
  • Direct sales
  • Selection of distribution channels
  • International physical
  • Distribution

The Export Office

  • The Export Office
  • Organisation charts
  • External organisations

The Export Quotation

  • Forms of export quotation
  • Buyer documents
  • International delivery terms
  • Trade terms

Inland Transport

  • Packing and marketing
  • Packing methods
  • Factors affecting choice of packing
  • Dangerous goods
  • Conclusion

International Transport Modes

  • Freight forwarders
  • The services of the forwarder
  • Sea freight services
  • Charter party
  • Types of sea freight services
  • Road freight
  • Rail freight
  • Air freight
  • Groupage
  • Express operations
  • Selection of transport mode
  • Carrier selection
  • Freight calculation
  • Total distribution cost

International Transport Documentation

  • An overview of export documentation
  • The transport conventions
  • The bill of lading
  • Types of bills of lading
  • Waybills
  • Air waybill
  • Road waybill
  • Rail waybill
  • Sea waybill

International Customs Controls

  • An overview of customs controls
  • Export
  • Import
  • Transit
  • The European Community Union
  • Export procedures
  • SAD summary
  • CHIEF
  • Export declarations summary
  • Why transit controls?
  • Transport internationaux routiers
  • TIR TABAC carnets
  • Community transit system
  • The single market
  • Summary
  • Community imports
  • Import controls
  • Non-tariff barriers
  • The export invoice
  • Customs management

Risk Management

  • Physical risk
  • Credit risk
  • Exchange risk
  • Cargo (marine) insurance
  • Principles of insurance
  • Credit insurance
  • Exchange risk

Methods of Payment

  • Choosing terms and methods of payment
  • Open account
  • Bills of exchange (Drafts)
  • Documentary letter of credit (L/C)
  • Documentary requirements
  • Doctrine of strict compliance
  • Avoiding rejection
  • Types of letters of credit
  • Cash in advance or with order
  • Factors
  • Countertrade

The Future

  • One-run systems
  • Computer systems
  • Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
  • The single European market
  • Barrier to trade
  • The Channel Tunnel